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Liberty County History and Genealogy
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Volunteers Dedicated to Free Genealogy
Part of the Genealogy Trails Group
Always Free, Always Updating
Host: Stacy Ashmore Cole

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Fort Morris Historic Site
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Susie Taylor King Institute
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The Susie King Taylor Women's Institute and Ecology Center is devoted to honoring the memory of American Heroine of Freedom, Susannah "Susie" Baker King Taylor, also known as Susie King Taylor.

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The Midway Museum
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Liberty County Historical Society exists to preserve, document, and share the history of Liberty County, Georgia. Liberty County’s rich history extends over centuries, and many historical markers, buildings, and locations are available for visitors to view.

Liberty County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. Liberty County was Founded on February 5, 1777. Sunbury was first designated the county seat in 1784. 1797, the seat was transferred to Riceboro, and in 1837, it was transferred again to Hinesville.

Significance of Liberty County Historical Society

The Liberty County Historical Society plays a vital role in preserving and promoting the rich history of Liberty County, Georgia. With a history that stretches back centuries, Liberty County is home to numerous historical markers, buildings, and locations that tell the story of the region’s past. The society’s mission is to ensure this history is safeguarded and accessible to residents and visitors alike.

One of the key contributions of the Liberty County Historical Society is its efforts to document significant events in the county’s history. The society provides valuable insights into the past through meticulous research and collection of primary sources, such as documents, photographs, and oral histories. This includes events such as the county’s founding in 1777, the shifting county seat locations over the years, and the growth and development of Liberty County’s communities.

In addition to preserving and documenting historical events, the Liberty County Historical Society actively promotes the understanding and appreciation of the county’s history through publications, exhibitions, and educational programs. By sharing their research and knowledge with the community, the society fosters a deeper connection to the past and a sense of pride in Liberty County’s heritage.

Overall, the Liberty County Historical Society is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in exploring the history of Liberty County. Their dedication to preserving history and promoting its significance ensures that the stories of the past continue to resonate in the present and inspire future generations.

Overview of Liberty County, Georgia

Liberty County is located on the picturesque Georgia coast and holds a prominent place in American history. Established on February 5, 1777, this county was formed from the original colonial parishes and served as the home of the Guale Indians. With its rich historical background, Liberty County has become a cultural heritage treasure trove for locals and visitors alike.

One organization dedicated to preserving and promoting Liberty County’s history is the Liberty County Historical Society Inc. This esteemed institution plays a pivotal role in preserving and sharing the county’s legacy. Through its efforts, the society ensures that the stories, landmarks, and artifacts that define Liberty County are protected for future generations.

From the ancient legacy of the Guale Indians to the colonial era and beyond, the Liberty County Historical Society Inc. strives to bring the county’s history to life. Through educational programs, exhibits, and special events, the society imparts a sense of pride and appreciation for the cultural heritage of Liberty County.

As Liberty County continues to grow and develop, the Liberty County Historical Society remains committed to preserving the past and shaping a bright future. With its dedication and passion, this organization provides a gateway to understanding the rich history that defines Liberty County on the Georgia coast.

Significant Events in Liberty County’s History

  • Liberty County in Georgia has a rich history of significant events that have shaped its identity and contributed to its growth. One such event took place in 1831 when the city of Liberty was established. This marked the beginning of a prosperous era for the county.

  • Another important event in Liberty County’s history occurred after the Battle of San Jacinto in 1836. Mexican army officers captured during the battle were imprisoned in Liberty until their release. This event solidified the county’s role in the aftermath of the Texas Revolution.

  • In 1837, Liberty was officially incorporated as the county seat, further establishing its importance in the region. This designation brought administrative and legal functions to the city, making it a hub of activity and governance.

  • During the antebellum period, Liberty played a significant role as an important river port. Its prime location on the Trinity River allowed for the transportation of goods and facilitated economic growth in the county.

  • Liberty County experienced a population boom in 1925 thanks to the discovery of oil. This discovery led to increased employment opportunities and a surge in economic prosperity, transforming the county and attracting new residents.

These significant events in Liberty County’s history showcase the county’s resilience, adaptability, and its pivotal role in the development of the region.


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Liberty County, Georgia’s history is rich and diverse, spanning centuries of significant events and cultural contributions. From its founding in 1777 to its present-day status as a thriving community, Liberty County has witnessed the ebb and flow of history and the growth of its vibrant communities. This section provides a glimpse into the county’s fascinating past, including its county seat, the shifting locations over the years, and the historical markers and buildings that serve as reminders of a bygone era. Through the efforts of the Liberty County Historical Society, the county’s history is meticulously documented, preserved, and shared with the community, fostering a deeper understanding and appreciation of the county’s heritage. Explore the pages below to uncover the fascinating stories and events that have shaped Liberty County into what it is today.

Early History of Liberty County

Liberty County, located on the Georgia coast, has a rich and storied history that dates back to its origins as one of the seven counties created from the original colonial parishes. Before European settlement, the area was home to the Guale Indians, a Native American tribe known for their vibrant culture and presence along the Georgia coast.

As European settlers arrived in the 18th century, Liberty County became an important hub of activity. It played a significant role in the American Revolutionary War, with Sunbury as a major center of revolutionary activity. The county seat was later transferred to Riceboro and then to Hinesville in 1837, where it remains today.

Throughout its early history, Liberty County produced notable figures such as Lyman Hall, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and José Francisco de Vere, a prominent military commander during the American Revolution. Their contributions and the county’s progressive outlook ensured that Liberty County remained at the forefront of historical events during its formative years.

Today, visitors to Liberty County can explore its rich heritage through historical markers, buildings, and locations. From the Guale Indians to the European settlers, the early history of Liberty County played a vital role in shaping the region’s identity and serves as a testament to its enduring legacy.

Resources Available Through the Liberty County Historical Society

The Liberty County Historical Society is a valuable resource for anyone interested in delving into the rich history of Liberty County, Georgia. With a mission to preserve, document, and share the county’s history, the society offers a wide range of resources that provide insight into the events, people, and places that shaped Liberty County over the centuries. Through their website,, visitors can access digitized record books, county records, church records, and death records. The society also maintains an extensive library with county histories, city directories, and courthouse documents, offering researchers a wealth of primary sources to explore. For those seeking a more immersive experience, the society organizes tours of historical landmarks, such as the Midway Museum, Dorchester Academy, and Fort Morris, providing visitors with a deeper understanding of Liberty County’s past. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a genealogist, or simply curious about the county’s heritage, the resources available through the Liberty County Historical Society are invaluable in uncovering this vibrant region’s captivating stories and heritage.

Primary Sources and Publications

Liberty County Historical Society is dedicated to preserving and documenting the history of Liberty County, Georgia. They offer a wealth of primary sources and publications that provide valuable insights into the county’s past.

Primary sources play a crucial role in understanding the history of any region, and Liberty County has no shortage of them. The society’s collection includes documents, photographs, letters, diaries, and other artifacts that offer firsthand accounts of significant events and everyday life in the county.

In addition to primary sources, the Liberty County Historical Society also publishes various books and articles that delve into different aspects of the county’s past. These publications cover many topics, including the early settlers, the Civil War, local industries, historic landmarks, and prominent individuals from Liberty County.

Notable publications available through the Liberty County Historical Society include “A Glimpse into Liberty County’s Past: An Illustrated History,” “Voices of Liberty: Oral Histories of the County’s Residents,” and “Hidden Gems: Lost and Found Stories of Liberty County.”

Using these primary sources and publications, researchers, historians, and enthusiasts can comprehensively understand Liberty County’s history. The Liberty County Historical Society is instrumental in preserving and sharing this knowledge, ensuring that future generations can connect with and appreciate the county’s rich heritage.

Delayed Birth and Death Records

Delayed birth and death records are an invaluable resource for understanding a county’s population dynamics and genealogy. These records hold significant historical and personal information in Liberty County, Georgia. The Liberty County Historical Society provides access to various resources for accessing and filtering these records.

Researchers interested in delayed birth and death records can visit the Liberty County Historical Society’s website, Once on the website, users can navigate to the “County Records” section, where they will find a specific category for delayed birth and death records. The Society has painstakingly digitized and indexed these records, making them easily accessible for researchers.

To filter the records, users can utilize the search filters provided by the website. These filters allow researchers to input specific criteria, such as a certain period, an individual’s name, or location within the county. Using these filters, researchers can narrow their search and access the most relevant records for their specific interests and inquiries.

Accessing and filtering delayed birth and death records through the Liberty County Historical Society’s website is a convenient and efficient way to explore the rich history of Liberty County and uncover vital information about its residents.

County Court Records

The Liberty County Historical Society’s website,, offers a comprehensive collection of court records that provide valuable insights into the history of Liberty County, Georgia. These court records document various legal proceedings and offer a glimpse into the county’s development’s social, political, and economic aspects.

Among the court records available are the Superior Court Minutes from 1784 to 1935. These minutes capture the proceedings and decisions of the highest court in the county, shedding light on important legal cases and landmark rulings. Researchers can delve into the Inferior Court and Court of Ordinary Minutes, covering 1799 to 1871. These records provide a detailed account of local governance, including the administration of justice, land transactions, and the probate of wills.

The Liberty County Historical Society also maintains a collection of Miscellaneous Probate Records from 1850 to 1934. These records offer valuable information about the distribution of estates, guardianship matters, and the settlement of debts.

To access these court records, researchers can visit the Liberty County Historical Society’s website and navigate to the “County Records” section. The court records can be found within separate categories, allowing researchers to browse the specific records they are interested in. The website provides user-friendly search filters to facilitate the retrieval of relevant court records, ensuring a seamless research experience.

By exploring the rich collection of court records available through the Liberty County Historical Society, researchers can better understand Liberty County’s legal history and its impact on the community.

Probate Document Index (1848-1966)

The Probate Document Index (1848-1966) is a valuable resource for genealogical research and locating probate records in Liberty County, Georgia. This index covers a significant period, offering researchers access to various probate documents.

From 1848 to 1966, the Probate Document Index accounts for over a century of probate records in Liberty County. These records include wills, estate inventories, guardianship papers, and other probate-related documents.

For genealogical researchers, this index is a treasure trove of information. It provides insight into the lives and assets of individuals who resided in Liberty County during this period. Researchers can trace family connections, identify heirs and beneficiaries, and better understand their ancestors’ lives.

The Probate Document Index is especially useful for locating specific probate records. By referencing this index, researchers can easily pinpoint the relevant documents they seek, streamlining their research process. Whether looking for a specific will or attempting to piece together the intricate details of an estate, this index acts as a comprehensive guide.

Overall, the Probate Document Index (1848-1966) in Liberty County is an essential resource for genealogical research and provides a comprehensive overview of probate records during this period.